The Conkouati/Mayumba complex includes the Conkouati-Douli National Park and a considerable transboundary buffer zone that extends across the Republic of Congo and Gabon towards the Mayumba National Park (predominately marine with a 60 km² protected terrestrial zone).
The Conkouati-Douli National Park covers 5,045 km2, and has the highest habitat and species diversity of any protected area in the Congo. Together with the Mayumba National Park, these beaches probably have the largest nesting population of leatherback turtles in the world. The Conkouati- Douli National Park terrestrial zone extends over 3,500 km² and contains signiﬁ cant populations of
forest elephant, western lowland gorillas and chimpanzees.
Industrial oil exploitation within the terrestrial part of the national park now poses a huge threat to the area’s wildlife, and oil exploitation activities are also being conducted in the marine section of the protected area.
A lack of hunting controls and law enforcement in these buffer zones, coupled with considerable demand for bushmeat from urban markets in Congo, means that commercial hunting also presents a serious threat both inside and outside the two protected areas, and urgent cross-border protection efforts are needed.